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Frequently Asked Questions

1 / What is the Endocannabinoid System?

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a complex cell-signaling system found in the human body. It plays a vital role in regulating various physiological homemostasis. The ECS consists of three main components: endocannabinoids, receptors, and enzymes. 

Endocannabinoids are naturally occurring cannabinoids produced by the body. The two primary endocannabinoids are anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG). These endocannabinoids bind to cannabinoid receptors to initiate various cellular responses. 

Cannabinoid receptors are found throughout the body and are classified as CB1 and CB2 receptors. CB1 receptors are primarily located in the central nervous system, while CB2 are mainly found in the immune system and peripheral tissues.

 

Enzymes, such as fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) and monoacylglycerol (MAGL), are responsible for breaking down endocannabinoids once their function is complete. 

The ECS is involved in regulating various processes, including pain, mood, appetite, metabolism, immune function, sleep, and inflammation. It is also the target of cannabinoids found in cannabis such as THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol), which can interact with the ECS to produce various effects on the body. 

2 / What is CBD?

CBD, short for cannabidiol, is one of the many cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. It is a non-intoxicating compound, meaning it does not produce the euphoric "high" associated with THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), another prominent cannabinoid. 

CBD has gained significant attention in recent years for its potential therapeutic benefits. It interacts with the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in the body specifically targeting CB1 and CB2 receptor. However, its effects are complex and not fully understood. 

Research suggests that CBD may have various potential benefits, including:

1. Pain relief: CBD may help alleviate chronic pain by reducing inflammation and interacting with neurotransmitters involved in pain signaling. 

2. Anxiety and depression management: CBD has shown promise in reducing anxiety and depressive symptoms, potentially interacting with serotonin receptors in the brain.

3. Neuroprotective properties: CBD may have neuroprotective effects, potentially benefitting conditions like epilepsy and multiple sclerosis. 

4. Anti-inflammatory effects: CBD has been found to possess anti-inflammatory properties, which may be helpful in managing conditions like arthritis. 

5. Sleep improvement: Some studies suggest that CBD may promote better sleep by reducing anxiety and improving sleep quality. 

3 / What is THC?

THC, short for tetrahydrocannabinol, is the primary psychoactive compound found in the cannabis plant. It is responsible for the intoxicating effects commonly associated with cannabis use.

 

When THC is consumed, it binds to cannabinoid receptors in the brain and central nervous system, primarily targeting CB1 receptors. This interaction leads to various physiological and psychoactive effects.

 

The effects of THC can vary depending on the dosage and individual factors, but they often include:

1. Euphoria and relaxation: THC can produce a sense of euphoria, commonly referred to as a "high," as well as relaxation and a feeling of well-being.

2. Altered perception and cognition: THC can affect sensory perception, time perception, and cognitive function, leading to changes in perception and thinking.

3. Increased appetite: THC is known to stimulate appetite, often referred to as the "munchies."

4. Impaired coordination and motor skills: THC can affect coordination and motor skills, leading to decreased motor control and slower reaction times.

5. Dry mouth and red eyes: THC can cause dry mouth (cottonmouth) and redness in the eyes.

 

It's important to note that the effects of THC can vary from person to person, and some individuals may experience negative side effects such as anxiety, paranoia, or increased heart rate. Additionally, THC use may have legal implications depending on the jurisdiction.

4 / What is Delta-8 THC?

Delta-8 THC (Δ8-THC) is a minor cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant. It is structurally similar to delta-9 THC (Δ9-THC), the primary psychoactive compound in cannabis, but with some chemical differences in the arrangement of atoms.

 

Delta-8 THC is known to have psychoactive effects, although they are generally reported to be milder compared to delta-9 THC. Users often describe a more subtle and clear-headed high with less anxiety or paranoia. However, individual experiences may vary.

 

It's important to note that the legality of delta-8 THC varies by jurisdiction. In some places, it is considered a legal alternative to delta-9 THC, while in others, it falls under the same regulations as delta-9 THC and is therefore subject to legal restrictions.

 

As with any cannabis-related product, it's advisable to consult local laws and regulations before using or purchasing delta-8 THC products. Additionally, it's essential to use caution and moderation when consuming any THC-containing substances and to be aware of any potential health risks or side effects associated with their use.

5 / What is CBG?

CBG, short for cannabigerol, is one of the many cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. It is considered a minor cannabinoid because it is typically present in lower concentrations compared to cannabinoids like THC and CBD.

 

CBG is derived from the acidic form CBGA (cannabigerolic acid), which is a precursor to other cannabinoids. As the cannabis plant matures, enzymes convert CBGA into various cannabinoids, including THC, CBD, and CBC. Only a small portion of CBGA is left to convert into CBG.

 

While research on CBG is still in its early stages, it is believed to interact with the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in the body, similarly to other cannabinoids. However, CBG seems to have unique properties and potential therapeutic benefits.

 

Some potential benefits of CBG that have been explored in preclinical studies include:

 

1. Anti-inflammatory properties: CBG may help reduce inflammation, making it potentially beneficial for conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease and arthritis.

2. Neuroprotective effects: CBG has shown promise in protecting neurons from damage and degeneration, suggesting potential benefits for conditions like Huntington's disease.

3. Antimicrobial properties: CBG has demonstrated antibacterial effects against certain drug-resistant bacteria, making it a potential candidate for fighting bacterial infections.

4. Glaucoma management: CBG has been studied for its potential to reduce intraocular pressure, which is a risk factor for glaucoma.

5. Appetite stimulation: CBG may have appetite-stimulating effects, similar to THC, which could be beneficial for individuals with appetite loss or certain medical conditions.

6 / What is CBN?

CBN, short for cannabinol, is a minor cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant. It is derived from the degradation of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) over time, usually through exposure to heat, light, or oxygen.

 

CBN is known for its mild psychoactive effects, although they are generally reported to be less potent than THC. It is often associated with feelings of relaxation and sedation. CBN is typically found in older cannabis plants or in cannabis products that have been left to age or degrade.

 

While research on CBN is limited compared to other cannabinoids like THC and CBD, it is believed to interact with the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in the body, similarly to other cannabinoids. However, its specific mechanisms of action and potential therapeutic benefits are not yet fully understood.

 

Some potential effects and benefits of CBN that have been explored include:

1. Sedation and sleep aid: CBN is often reported to have sedative properties and may help promote sleep.

2. Pain relief: CBN may have analgesic effects, potentially helping to alleviate pain.

3. Anti-inflammatory properties: CBN has shown potential anti-inflammatory effects in preclinical studies.

4. Appetite stimulation: CBN has been suggested to have appetite-stimulating properties, similar to THC.

7 / What are THCV and CBDV?

THCV and CBDV are two additional minor cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant, alongside THC, CBD, CBG, and CBN.

 

THCV, short for tetrahydrocannabivarin, is structurally similar to THC but with some chemical differences. It is typically found in smaller quantities compared to THC. THCV has gained attention for its potential effects and potential therapeutic applications. While research is still limited, some studies suggest that THCV may have unique properties, including:

1. Potential appetite suppressant: THCV has been explored for its potential to suppress appetite, which may have implications for weight management.

2. Potential anticonvulsant: THCV has been studied for its potential anticonvulsant properties, suggesting it may have benefits for conditions like epilepsy.

3. Potential neuroprotective effects: THCV has shown promise in preclinical studies for its potential neuroprotective effects, which may have implications for various neurodegenerative conditions.

 

CBDV, short for cannabidivarin, is structurally similar to CBD but with slight variations. Like other minor cannabinoids, CBDV is typically found in lower concentrations compared to CBD. Some research has explored potential therapeutic benefits of CBDV, including:

 1. Potential anticonvulsant: CBDV has been studied for its potential anticonvulsant effects, suggesting it may have benefits for conditions like epilepsy.

2. Potential anti-nausea and anti-emetic effects: CBDV has shown promise in preclinical studies for its potential to reduce nausea and vomiting.

3. Potential anti-inflammatory effects: CBDV has demonstrated anti-inflammatory properties in some studies, although more research is needed.

8 / What is Nano?

Nano refers to cannabinoids that have been processed into nanoparticles using nanotechnology. Nanotechnology involves manipulating and controlling materials at the nanoscale level, typically between 1 and 100 nanometers.

 

By converting cannabinoids into nanoparticles, it enhances its bioavailability and improves its ability to be absorbed and utilized by the body. Nanoparticles have a larger surface area compared to larger particles, allowing for more efficient and rapid absorption.

 

Nano cannabinoids are commonly used in various cannabis-infused products, such as beverages, edibles, and sublingual sprays. The smaller particle size of nano cannabinoids allows for faster onset of effects as it can be absorbed more quickly through the digestive system or mucous membranes. This can result in quicker and more consistent effects compared to traditional cannabinoid formulations.

9 / How does method of ingestion vary the outcome?

The method of ingestion can significantly affect the outcomes and effects of cannabis due to differences in how cannabinoids are absorbed, metabolized, and delivered to the body. Here are some common methods of cannabis ingestion and their variations in outcomes:

 

1. Inhalation (Smoking or Vaporizing): When cannabis is smoked or vaporized, the cannabinoids are rapidly absorbed through the lungs and enter the bloodstream. This method provides quick onset of effects, typically within minutes, making it useful for immediate relief. The effects tend to be more intense but shorter-lasting compared to other methods.

 

2. Oral Ingestion (Edibles or Oils): When cannabis is consumed orally, such as through edibles or oils, the cannabinoids are metabolized by the liver before entering the bloodstream. This process takes longer for the effects to kick in, usually ranging from 30 minutes to a few hours. The effects are generally more potent and can last longer, often several hours or more. However, the onset and duration can vary depending on factors like metabolism and the presence of food in the stomach.

 

3. Sublingual Administration (Tinctures or Sprays): Sublingual administration involves placing cannabis extracts, such as tinctures or sprays, under the tongue. The cannabinoids are absorbed through the sublingual mucosa and enter the bloodstream directly, bypassing the digestive system. This method offers quicker onset than oral ingestion, typically within 15-30 minutes, while still providing longer-lasting effects compared to inhalation.

 

4. Topical Application: Cannabis-infused topicals, such as creams, gels, or lotions, are applied directly to the skin. While these products do not produce psychoactive effects, they can provide localized relief for pain, inflammation, or skin conditions by interacting with cannabinoid receptors in the skin. These products do not penetrate into the bloodstream, so they should not show up on a drug test. 

10 / How do I use a sublingual tincture?

To ensure proper absorption of CBD tincture sublingually (under the tongue), it is generally recommended to hold the tincture under your tongue for 60-90 seconds before swallowing. This allows the CBD to be absorbed into the bloodstream through the sublingual glands, bypassing the digestive system, and providing faster onset of effects.
 

11 / What is the difference between isolate CBD and full spectrum CBD?

Isolate and full spectrum are two different forms of CBD (cannabidiol) products.

 

CBD isolate is the purest form of CBD available. It is extracted from the hemp plant and then purified to remove all other cannabinoids, terpenes, and plant materials. This means that CBD isolate contains only CBD and no other compounds and is THC free. 

 

On the other hand, full spectrum CBD contains not only CBD, but also other cannabinoids, terpenes, and trace amounts of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), which is the psychoactive compound in cannabis. Full spectrum CBD products contain a variety of cannabinoids such as CBD, CBG, CBC, and CBN, which work together synergistically to create what is known as the "entourage effect." This effect suggests that the combined presence of multiple cannabinoids and terpenes may enhance the overall therapeutic benefits of CBD.

 

While CBD isolate offers pure CBD without any other compounds, full spectrum CBD provides a broader range of cannabinoids and may offer additional therapeutic benefits. However, it's important to note that full spectrum CBD products may contain trace amounts of THC, which could potentially show up on a drug test or have psychoactive effects.

12 / What can I take if I need to pass a drug test?

If you need to pass a drug test and are concerned about THC showing up, it is generally recommended to choose CBD products that are labeled as "CBD isolate" or "THC-free."
These products have undergone additional processing to remove all traces of THC, reducing the risk of a positive drug test. On our site, these products are labeled as isolate and THC-free.

13 / What are CBDa and CBGa?

CBDa (cannabidiolic acid) and CBGa (cannabigerolic acid) are both cannabinoids that are found in the cannabis plant. These cannabinoids are considered the acidic forms of CBD (cannabidiol) and CBG (cannabigerol), respectively.

 

CBDa is a precursor to CBD and is typically found in higher concentrations in raw or freshly harvested cannabis plants. When exposed to heat or prolonged storage, CBDa undergoes a process called decarboxylation, where it loses its acidic form and converts into CBD. CBDa is believed to have potential anti-inflammatory, anti-nausea, and anti-anxiety properties.

 

CBGa, on the other hand, is a precursor to other cannabinoids such as THC and CBD. It is considered the "stem cell" cannabinoid that can be converted into various cannabinoids through enzymatic reactions. CBGa plays a crucial role in the biosynthesis of other cannabinoids within the cannabis plant.

14 / Is CBD safe for pets?

Yes, CBD is generally considered safe for pets when administered properly. Many pet owners have reported positive effects of CBD in addressing certain conditions in their pets, such as anxiety, pain, inflammation, and seizures. However, it's important to note that research on the use of CBD for pets is still limited, and there is ongoing scientific investigation to further understand its potential benefits and risks.

 

When using CBD for pets, it's crucial to use products specifically formulated for animals and follow the recommended dosage guidelines. CBD products for pets should be sourced from reputable manufacturers, preferably those that provide third-party lab testing to ensure product quality and safety.

 

Additionally, it's important to note that CBD products intended for humans may contain additional ingredients, such as flavorings, that could be harmful to pets. Therefore, it's best to use products specifically made for pets to ensure their safety and well-being.

15 / When should I take cannabinoids if I take other medication?

Prescribed medications and CBD can compete for the same liver enzymes, specifically the cytochrome P450 enzymes. These enzymes are responsible for metabolizing many substances, including medications and CBD.

 

When medications and CBD are taken together, they may both be processed by the same group of liver enzymes. This can lead to a potential competition for these enzymes, which can affect the metabolism and clearance of both substances.

 

If one substance inhibits or slows down the activity of these enzymes, it can result in higher levels of the other substance in the body. Conversely, if one substance induces or speeds up the activity of these enzymes, it can lead to lower levels of the other substance.

 

This interaction can have implications for the effectiveness and safety of both prescribed medications and CBD. To avoid interactions or competition for absorption, it is recommended to take medications and cannabinoids an hour to two hours apart.

16/ What is the difference between hemp and marijuana?

Hemp and marijuana are both variants of the Cannabis sativa plant, but they have distinct differences primarily related to their chemical composition and uses.

 

1. Chemical Composition: Hemp generally contains low levels of THC (delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol), the psychoactive compound responsible for the "high" associated with marijuana. In contrast, marijuana typically has higher levels of THC. Hemp, on the other hand, has higher levels of CBD (cannabidiol), a non-psychoactive compound known for its potential therapeutic benefits.

 

2. THC Content: Hemp legally must contain less than 0.3% THC on a dry weight basis, as per the legal definition in many countries, including the United States. Marijuana, on the other hand, can contain varying levels of THC, often much higher than 0.3%.

 

3. Uses: Hemp is primarily cultivated for industrial purposes, including the production of textiles, paper, building materials, biofuels, and more. It is also used to extract CBD for various wellness products, such as oils, topicals, and dietary supplements. Marijuana, on the other hand, is primarily used for recreational and medicinal purposes due to its higher THC content.

 

4. Legal Status: The legal status of hemp and marijuana differs across countries and regions. In many places, hemp is legal to cultivate and use for industrial purposes, provided it contains less than the permissible THC limit. Marijuana, however, is often subject to stricter regulations due to its psychoactive properties.

 

It's essential to note that the terms "hemp" and "marijuana" are often used interchangeably in casual conversations, which can lead to confusion. However, from a botanical and legal standpoint, they are distinct based on their THC and CBD content and intended uses.

17 / What I do if I have adverse side effects?

Taking too much THC can result in adverse effects, commonly referred to as "overconsumption." 

If you find yourself experiencing discomfort or negative effects from consuming too much THC, there are a few things you can do:

 

- Stay calm: Remember that THC effects are temporary and will eventually subside.

- Find a comfortable and safe environment: Minimize external stimuli and ensure you're in a secure and familiar place.

- Stay hydrated: Drink water or hydrating fluids to help alleviate symptoms.

- Distract yourself: Engage in activities that help divert your attention and reduce anxiety.

- Seek support: If needed, reach out to a trusted friend or family member who can provide reassurance and support.

CBD is generally well-tolerated and does not produce intoxicating effects. However, taking extremely high doses of CBD may lead to potential side effects such as drowsiness, dry mouth, diarrhea, or changes in appetite. These effects are typically mild and temporary.

If you experience any discomfort from taking too much CBD, consider the following steps:

 

- Reduce the dosage: If you're using a CBD product, decrease the amount you're taking or take a break from using it.

- Monitor your symptoms: Keep an eye on any changes or improvements in how you feel.

- Seek medical advice: If your symptoms persist or worsen, it's advisable to consult a healthcare professional for guidance and support.

In both cases, it's important to remember that individual responses to THC and CBD can vary. Starting with low doses and gradually increasing them can help minimize the risk of adverse effects. 

18 / Is it possible to experience fatal consequences from taking too much THC?

While it is extremely rare and not directly caused by THC itself, it is theoretically possible to experience severe health complications from consuming very high doses of THC. However, there have been no reported cases of fatal overdoses caused by THC alone.

 

Unlike some other substances, such as opioids or alcohol, THC does not directly depress the central nervous system to the point of causing respiratory or cardiac failure, which are the primary causes of fatal overdoses. However, consuming excessively high amounts of THC can lead to severe anxiety, panic attacks, and disorientation, which may increase the risk of accidents or injuries.

 

It is important to note that the psychoactive effects of THC can vary between individuals, and what may be considered a high dose for one person may not be the same for another. It's always recommended to start with low doses and gradually increase them to determine your individual tolerance.

 

If you or someone you know has consumed a large amount of THC and is experiencing severe distress or discomfort, it is advisable to seek immediate medical attention. Healthcare professionals can assess the situation and provide appropriate care and support.

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